RHS News

RHS Submits Response to UKRI Open Access Review

The RHS has made a substantial response to the UKRI Open Access Review, the outcome of which will determine open access policies for the UK Research Councils and inform the requirements for outputs submitted to the REF after REF2021.

Full information about the UKRI consultation is available here: https://www.ukri.org/funding/information-for-award-holders/open-access/open-access-review/.

Download the Royal Historical Society’s full response to the consultation here.

 

RHS Responds to REF2021 Revised Timetable Consultation

In April 2021, in response to COVID-19, REF 2021 invited views from the HE sector on two central issues for the revised exercise: the timing of the new submission deadline; and the broad approach to taking account of effects on impact case studies.

For further information see: https://www.ref.ac.uk/news/views-invited-on-first-questions-about-ref-timetable/

Following discussion in Council (Friday 1 May 2020), the Royal Historical Society submitted a response to the two questions posed.

Download the response.

 

2020 Gladstone Prize Shortlist

The Shortlist for the 2020 RHS Gladstone Book Prize has been announced today.

The list recognises the scholarly contribution and quality of six excellent history monographs. This is one of two annual book prizes awarded by the RHS each year.

The overall winner will be announced in July.

Find out more about all the nominated books for this year’s Gladstone Prize on the Historical Transactions blog.

 

RHS Launches Two Schemes to Support Early Career Historians

Each year, the Royal Historical Society aims to support around 200 UK-based early career researchers (of any nationality) with grant awards totalling just over £60,000. COVID-19 is having a major impact on the scholars we would normally fund. Today, the Royal Historical Society is announcing two new schemes to support UK-based early career researchers in History during this time.

  • The first scheme is a partnership with Adam Matthew Digital offering free and full access for 12 months to the publisher’s digital collections of primary sources for 200 early career historians. Find out more here.
  • The second scheme is an emergency COVID-19 Hardship grant fund to offer individual grants of up to £500 to provide some short-term material assistance in the COVID-19 context. Find out more here.

 

Novel Coronavirus and the RHS

The current novel coronavirus outbreak is a rapidly-developing international situation, which will cause significant ongoing disruption.

The Royal Historical Society has produced guidance to support RHS staff, Council members and grant recipients. This will be updated on the website at https://royalhistsoc.org/covid-19/.

The RHS is committed to supporting our community of scholars during what we realise is a very difficult time.

Our priorities at this time are:

  • to ensure that no-one feels under pressure to put their own or others’ wellbeing at risk for RHS-related or funded work;
  • that individuals don’t incur significant personal expense related to RHS-funded activities as a result of the novel coronavirus outbreak;
  • to work with colleagues and speakers to make contingency plans for our upcoming events.

We will continue to share any changes as they are confirmed. Thank you for bearing with us as we adapt our standard policies and working patterns to accommodate this set of exceptional circumstances.

Please direct general communication to enquiries@royalhistsoc.org. If you have specific queries about grant-funded activities affected by the coronavirus outbreak please contact Imogen Evans on adminsecretary@royalhistsoc.org.

All the best to everyone.

 

RHS Call for Additional Nominations to REF 2021 History Sub-Panel

REF 2021 is now inviting nominating bodies to put forward names for additional members, including both output and impact assessors, of the History sub-panel. These are to cover the specific areas of expertise listed below (although sub-panellists are also expected to read outputs outside their specialisms). The RHS is a recognised nominating body to REF, having passed an Equality and Diversity audit, and will submit a set of nominations for these positions.

Following the REFs suspension of its deadline for nominations to the REF sub-panel, and the disruptive circumstances of the last few weeks, the RHS has decided to extend its own call deadline for nominations to the panel.

We have already received a significant number of nominations for most of the positions on the sub-panel and we do not wish to keep this process open indefinitely.  Therefore, the RHS has decided to extend the deadline for its call for nominations to the REF sub-panel to 3 April 2020.  After this a virtual working group will review the nominations and those which are endorsed will be uploaded to the REF website.

We would particularly welcome further nominations for the assessor positions in East Asian, Middle Eastern, and Latin American history; and for indications as to if the nominee would also be willing to serve as a second Interdisciplinary Research advisor on the sub-panel.   Nominations are also being sought for sub-panel members and impact assessors who are research users.

Members are therefore requested to send nominations for consideration for inclusion in the RHS list to Prof Jonathan Morris, Vice President for Research Policy at vice-presidentjm@royalhistsoc.org  stating the role for which they are nominating the individual and confirming that the nominee has consented to the nomination.

Ideally nominations should be accompanied by 2 or 3 sentences indicating the nature of the nominee’s work in relation to the specific position, any relevant professional experience, and whether they engage in interdisciplinary activities.

Please note that the RHS will not consider self-nominations, nor nominations from individuals from the same institution as the nominee.

  • The Society will set up a small working group to consider the nominations received and submit a final list.
  • Nominations received by the Society put forward when the first round of sub-panel appointments was made in 2018, will automatically be reconsidered.
  • The RHS will pay close attention to equality and diversity in relation to the characteristics of both the individuals nominated and the institutions from which they are drawn.
  • The Society would particularly welcome panellists from BAME backgrounds, small units, and those based at HEIs outside England.
  • The Society will avoid nominating from institutions already represented on the sub-panel wherever possible.

Due to very short turn-around times all nominations must be received by 3 April 2020.

 

Royal Historical Society Statement on UCU Industrial Action

This news item was originally published on 25 November 2019. It was updated on 19 February 2020 to provide updated information about the second wave of strike action scheduled for February and March 2020.

In autumn 2019, members of the University and College Union (UCU) voted in favour of industrial action, with branches at 60 Universities reaching the 50% support threshold.  Following a further ballot of members in early 2020, UCU announced on 3 February 2020 that seventy-four UK universities would undertake 14 days of strike action in February and March, after more institutions reached the 50% threshold.

The action centres on two disputes: 1) a dispute over changes to the USS pensions scheme (79% of UCU members who voted did so in favour of industrial action on this ballot) and 2) a dispute over pay, equality, casualisation and workloads (74% in favour of strike action). Collectively, these are being described as the “Four Fights”.

A second round of strike action is scheduled to take place on the following dates:

  • Week one – Thursday 20 & Friday 21 February
  • Week two – Monday 24, Tuesday 25 & Wednesday 26 February
  • Week three – Monday 2, Tuesday 3, Wednesday 4 & Thursday 5 March
  • Week four – Monday 9, Tuesday 10, Wednesday 11, Thursday 12 & Friday 13 March

Several universities have agreed local variations of these dates with UCU. At UCL, where RHS is physically based, Thursday 20 & Friday 21 are not strike days, however Thursday 19 & Friday 20 March are strike days at UCL, and thus will have a picket.

In addition, many UCU members are continuing to undertake ‘action short of a strike’.

The Royal Historical Society (RHS) has members on both sides of this dispute, members who work at universities that did not reach the required threshold for industrial action, members who are not unionised or who belong to unions not engaged in this dispute, international members, and members outside higher education.  In this context and as a registered UK charity that is not itself a party to this dispute, the Royal Historical Society does not take a declared position with respect to this industrial action. However, the RHS strongly supports members’ legal and moral right to undertake strike action, and accepts that aspects of our own work – the vast majority of which is undertaken by volunteers – may be delayed or interrupted during this time.

As previously, many members of the RHS Council will be participating in strike action. Our final committee and Council meetings for 2019 as well as the Society’s AGM were initially scheduled for 29 November, during the strike period.  By a strong majority, Council voted to move these meetings to 6 December 2019, after the strike ended.  This decision ensured that the Society meets its legal obligations to the Charity Commission whilst avoiding any necessity for Council members or seconded committee members to cross a picket line.

RHS staff, as employees of a registered charity that is not a university or college, are not eligible for membership in UCU.  The RHS office is however physically located at UCL, one of the 60 universities participating in the UCU strike.  All RHS staff have been offered the option for the duration of the strike to work from home without any prejudice should they wish to do so.  Likewise, RHS staff who choose to attend work at UCL during the dispute can do so without any prejudice. RHS Members wishing to access the RHS office during the dispute are advised that there will be pickets at the UCL entrances, and as is ordinarily the case, they are advised to call or email in advance to check that the office will be open at the time of their intended visit.

Questions from the RHS membership on this matter should be directed to rescommsofficer@royalhistsoc.org.

More information:

More information about the two disputes can be found on the UCU website.

The employers’ (UUK) perspective on the pensions dispute can be found on the UUK website.

The employers’ (UCEA) perspective on the dispute on pay and conditions can be found on the UCEA website.

 

New Members and Fellows – December 2019

At its meeting on 6 December 2019 the RHS Council elected 79 Fellows and 36 Members, a total of 114. These new members were formally welcomed to the Society at Dr Andrew Arsan’s RHS Lecture on Friday 7 February 2020.

The RHS also formally launched its new Early Career Membership category. More details about this scheme are here.

Women comprised forty-five percent of the new Fellows and fifty-eight percent of those elected to the Membership. In terms of geographical distribution, our new members are based both in various parts of the UK and around the globe – in Australia, Canada, China, India, and the USA.

The majority of the new Fellows hold academic appointments at universities, specializing in a very wide range of fields; but also include a broadcaster, a properties historian, and an academic librarian. The new Members also have a wide variety of historical interests, including those employed in universities, school teachers, an archivist, an historic environment record project officer, an author of historic tours scenarios, and a rare books curator.

All those newly elected to the Fellowship and Membership bring a valuable range of expertise and experience that will help the Society to fulfil its objective of representing the diverse body of those engaged in historical scholarship.

 

Fellowship

John Allison
Karen Bauer
Chiara Beccalossi
Ann Benson
Sara Bernard
Nandini Bhattacharya
Elleke Boehmer
Keagan Brewer
Adam Bronson
Luc-André Brunet
Barbara Burmna
Valerie Burton
Mike Carr
Alison Carrol
Michael Carter
Vinayak Chaturvedi
Sabine Clarke
Christopher Colvin
Matt Cook
Kate Cooper
Adam Crymble
Selena Daly
Santanu Das
Filippo De Vivo
Mario Draper
Fiona Edmonds
Marion Gibson
Daniel Grey
Vivienne Xiangwei Guo
Duncan Hardy
Sally Holloway
John Howlett
Jason Kelly
Prashant Kidambi
Andrew Kloes
Jane Lawson
Christopher Lee
Leni Liapi
Daniel Livesay
Anne Logan
Jessica Lutkin
Dolly Mackinnon
Neil Maher
Craig Mantle
Lucinda Matthews-Jones
Steven Maughan
Lynn McDonald
Richard McKay
Jeffrey Meriwether
Alex Mold
Julia Moses
Samuel Moyn
Catriona Murray
David Olusoga
John Owen
Timothy Peacock
Frederik Pedersen
Guy Perry
Kennetta Hammond Perry
Nick Piercey
Anna Plassart
Ronald C Po
Justin Pollard
James Poskett
George Douglas Pratt
Volker Prott
Naomi Pullin
Andrew Ralston
John Rees
Edward Roberts
David Rundle
Juliet Simpson
Michael Smith
Noémi Tousignant
Angus Vine
Stephanie Ward
Elizabeth May Williams
Ian Worthington
Karin Wulf

 

Membership

Stefan Aloszko
Charles Anderson
Julie Beniams
Marina Bezzi
James Buckman
Jane Card
Luke Daly-Groves
Elizabeth Eger
Allegra Fryxell
Tim Glasby
Andrew Godefroy
Laura Hampden
Katarzyna Hollis
Sharon Howard
Robert Hughes-Mullock
Ian Hunter
Mojlum Khan
Umesh Khute
Lucy Kilfoyle
Cora Knowles
Maria Kostaridou
Jack Lennon
Anthony Lewis
Teng Li
Alba Lopez
Felicity Loughlin
Rose Luminiello
Robert Mackinnon
Hilary Mclaughlin-Stonham
Eoghan Moloney
Jo Ann Moran Cruz
Elizabeth Olusoga
Nicola Pickering
Evgeniya Postovalova
Robert Power
Helen Rutherford
Chander Shekhar
Mallikarjun Shetty
Donald Spaeth
Christopher Zembe

 

RHS launches new Early Career Membership

The Royal Historical Society launches its new Early Career Membership category today.

The Royal Historical Society is committed to supporting and encouraging the work and development of early career historians (ECRs). But academic careers are changing, many scholars increasingly find themselves in a period that can be termed “early career” far beyond postgraduate years.

Early Career Membership of the RHS is free of charge. It is open to all those registered for a postgraduate research degree in a historical subject, and to early career researchers within two years of submitting their corrected PhD in a historical subject. The membership is for a period of five years, with the possibility of a further extension for two years.

The category of Early Career Research Membership of the RHS has been developed to further the Society’s commitments to the next generation of scholars, and provide practical assistance through access to our grants schemes for conference organisation, conference travel and research expenses.

The new category will, we hope, attract a wider membership and thus provide us with better channels of communication to, and conversation with, this part of the historical community. It is an opportunity for those new to the profession to join a pre-eminent association for working historians and to gain inspiration, support and encouragement in developing their teaching and research trajectories.

  • Find out more about why this new membership category is needed in this blog post.
  • Find out more about the support the RHS offers Early Career historians, and apply for Early Career Membership here.

 

RHS Response to Plan S Transformative Journals consultation

The RHS has responded to the cOAlition S consultation on their draft framework for transformative journals criteria in Plan S. We were grateful to have the opportunity to contribute to the development of the framework through this process, full details of which are available here. The survey closes at 09.00 CET on Monday 6th January 2020.

The consultation offered three opportunities for comment on elements of the framework. The RHS responses to these are reproduced below in full.

Colleagues and stakeholders may also be interested in the following:

 

RHS Response to Plan S Transformative Journals consultation

Q.1 The draft framework specifies that a Transformative Journal must demonstrate an annual increase in the OA penetration rate of at least eight percentage points year-on-year, measured on a three year rolling period. If you disagree that this is fair and reasonable, then please specify what target you would support, and why. [2000 character limit]

The RHS does not support imposing arbitrary, unachievable targets for yearly increases in OA, and we see little or no prospect of History journals “flipping” to full OA. For the vast majority of History (and wider Humanities) journals submission numbers are not at a scale to make such calculations possible. Nor does this proposal offer Humanities journals a financially viable pathway to sustainable publication. For evidence and figures for history publishing, see our Feb 2019 response (Part 4) to the Plan S consultation: https://royalhistsoc.org/plan-s-consultation-feb-2019/)

Requiring journals to increase OA content by a fixed % p.a. will subvert the vital role of rigorous independent peer review by forcing editors to make decisions about publication based on authors’ ability to pay for OA, rather than the work’s quality. We note SpringerNature’s response to this consultation also makes this point.

If subject to inflexible targets, authors in receipt of Plan S funds may be sorely disadvantaged if the most appropriate journals for them to publish in are made “non-compliant” by stringent universal criteria.  Existing Plan S requirements for OA journals already mean the great majority of History journals in DOAJ are not Plan S compliant. More fundamentally, by mandating author compliance regimes without first developing viable, long-term financial models for the ‘transformative’ Humanities journals in which they are expected to publish, this proposal undercuts Humanities researchers’ ability to publish in peer-reviewed outlets.

The RHS keenly supports fair, equitable open access in principle and practice, and welcomes transparency in any transition. But reducing OA goals to percentage “penetrations” (itself an inept choice of phrasing) risks further distancing Plan S from the ethical and moral impetus of the OA movement more broadly, and from engagement with the richness and diversity of potential approaches that characterise global OA initiatives.

 

Q.2 In addition to the 8% increase on OA penetration, year-on-year, the publishers of Transformative Journals must agree to either flip them to OA either when 50% of the content is OA, or by 31st December 2024. To what extent do you agree that these are fair and achievable? If you disagree with this, please specify what target (percentage of OA, or date) you would support, and why. [2000 character limit]

The calculations presented here are both inappropriate and very difficult to apply in an Arts&Hums context where journal submissions are comparatively few & fewer than 20% of authors can access APC funds.

Research carried out by the RHS indicates that Plan S signatories fund a maximum of 17% of articles in UK History (& wider humanities) journals, making any target unrealistic. (see RHS February 2019 Response, p.43 at https://royalhistsoc.org/plan-s-consultation-feb-2019/) From a base of 15% OA it would take 16 years at 8% increase to reach the 50% threshold that the coalition deem a realistic point to “flip”. History journals would need to grow OA at a rate of 36% p.a. to meet the 50% threshold by December 2024. Even at 8% growth, less than a quarter of articles are likely to enjoy access to the funds required for open access by Dec 2024.

There is little evidence currently available that more funding – particularly for arts and humanities subjects – is going to become available and cOAlition S Funder “support” is unspecified in the Plan S Principles and Implementation guidelines. There is a dearth of examples of H&SS journals operating at scale, over the long-term, without a subscription base or paywall AND without significant and ongoing institutional support from research organisations or external grant funding.

The best journals attract global authors from a wide and international range of institutions and institution-types. They do not function in closed national, regional or local systems. By rejecting hybrid as a viable, sustainable (and popular) medium to long-term means of fostering OA and setting the bar so high, this plan is likely to stifle innovation by alienating publishers (with the effect that Plan S funded researchers may be locked out of the best journals) and paradoxically drive researchers back toward subscription journals that allow submission of AAM.

 

If you have any further comments on the proposed framework for Transformative Journals, please add them here. [2000 character limit]

We thank cOAlition S for the chance to respond to this framework, but remain unconvinced of the evidence-base, or rationale behind these targets. The Sept 2019 Information Power report valuably seeks to establish evidence-based arguments, but its “transformative agreement toolkit” takes a very small sample across all research areas (from H&SS to STEMM), contains internally inconsistent arguments and dodges key issues around funding for sustainable H&SS OA journals. Of the 7 models in the IP report, only 3 seem designed to produce full, permanent OA journals, and 4 do not appear to be ‘transformative’ as defined by cOAlition S. Effectively, in this scenario the APC model remains the only viable means of funding transformative journals, yet in Humanities less than 20% of researchers have access to cOAlition S funding for APC payment.  This deficit is especially acute for ECRs.

This proposal again shows no evidence of considering potential implications for Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), or researchers (e.g. ECRs) who don’t meet waiver criteria. UK-based cOAlition S Funders have specific duties of care and legal obligations with respect to researchers’ rights to equal opportunities. The absence of any reference to EDI as defined by European legislation or UK Equality Act 2010 is a striking feature of the Plan S Principles, broader cOAlition S policy statements, and this plan.

In OA policy discussions, the term ‘transformative agreements’ describes 2 distinct types of OA contracts, which may or may not comply with Plan S. The first are contracts designed to reduce specified research organisations’ annual journal subscription costs while enhancing OA. The second are agreements by journals for a permanent transition to fully and immediately open-access peer-reviewed articles. We urge clarity and consistency from cOAlition S about their definitions, and to consider possible consequences for researchers, disciplines and wider academic publishing ecosystem.